E IL VICINO ORIENTE
tratta da “Advocate”
1924 ↔ 1926
|Anno di inizio spoglio: 1948.|
CHEERFUL AND SANGUINE
Monday, p. 1a
Amery on Palestine.
The Movemente Explained.
Monday, p. 1b
The Sheik ruler (Iman Faroukhy) who is President of the National Party, was the first speaker. He explained the grievances of the Arabs, who he said, were loyal to Britain. Ear Balfour’s declaration, however, was oppressive. The country was dying economically, because wealth was leaving the country. The Arabs did not share in the legislation; whereas, under the Turkish regime, they had had a share in the Government. He concluded:
“Tho Arabs in Palestine desire to live peacefully, as natives of Palestine - not as foreigners.”
Following Iman Faroukhy, Amin Bey Tamini declared that the Arabs had been much better off under the Turkish regime. Britain had not fulfilled her promises to the Arabs. The Arabs demanded:
(1) A representative Government responsible to a Parliament elected by the people.Lieutenant-Colonel. Amery, in reply,
(2) A Constitution established by a National Council, including legislative administrative powers.
(3) The sacred places to be under tho protection of inhabitants.
(4) Equality of rights for all elements.
(5) Protection of British interests, compatibly with the nation’s interests.
said that the British Government was of the opinion that there was no incompatibility between Arab and British co-operation and the Balfour declaration. Britain’s object was to ensure that Palestine would be a national home for Arabs in every sense equally with the Jews.
The expression of Palestine as a national home for the Jews meant nothing more than that the existing Jewish communities should be able to fulfil their desire to live their own cultural life, and have an opportunity for development.This should be definitely recognised as a right, not as sufferance policy. The British Government looked, firstly toprosperity of the population, where of the great majority was Arab, and was concerned with the Jewish settlement only so far as to see that it received fair conditions.
Lieutenant - Colonel Amery emphatised that the Arabs had ill-advisedly refused previous opportunities of consultation with representatives of the British Government, which was anxious to accure the co-operation and advice of all representative Arabs, but it was not asking this as a favor. The Arabs now had an opportunity of becoming a great nation again, provided that they concentrated on their own development, and not on their mistaken fears of tho British Government’s policy.
ONLY 31/2 PER CENT BRITISH. -Since 1919, about 38,000 immigrants (mostly Jews) have settled in Palestine. In 1923, the Jewish immigrants went principally from Poland (28 per cent.), the Ukraine (13 per cent.), Ru- mania, and Russia (23 per cent). Figures giving the number of British immigrants, during that year are not available, but in 1922 it was stated in the British Parliament that the following are the nationality per- centages of the Jewish immigrants into Palestine in the year ended September 1921:
Polish 33, British 3,5, Russian 15, Central Asian 10, Rumanian 5, United States 3, Ukrainan etc. 11, Other nationnalities 20,5. Mr. Rupert Gwynne (Cons.) asked whether it was intended to continue the heavy expenditure in Palestine for the sake of 3,5 per cent of British Jews.
Mr. Churchill (then Secretary of State for the Colonies), who replied that he did not admit that the expenditure was heavy, said it was not intended that the Zionist colony should be limited to British Jews.
According to the Geddes Report, the British taxpayer was spending £ 4,219,000 that year to maintain order in Palestine.